Exploration of Siberia and the Arctic. The sites of primitive man of the Upper Paleolithic era were discovered on the rivers of Siberia. Neolithic monuments are open in all regions of Siberia. Ancient man migrated to the Arctic 25 thousand years ago. The polar day at 68° north latitude lasts 40 days, hence the deification of 40 days (based on the solar cult) the ancient Aryans, Indo-Europeans, as well as other peoples.