Успешная сдача Единого Государственного Экзамена — ключ к поступлению в высшее учебное заведение Вашей мечты. Именно поэтому, чтобы воплотить свои заветные мечтания в реальность, Вам необходимо упорно и целенаправленно к нему готовиться. Очевидно, что подходить к процессу подготовки нужно ответственно, с полной отдачей, а также осознанием того, что от Вас требует структура экзамена и какими навыками и знаниями необходимо обладать, чтобы успешно справиться с ним.
Задание №40 является заданием высокого уровня сложности и требует хорошо развитых как предметных, так и метапредметных умений и навыков. Несомненно, экзаменуемый должен не только иметь богатый словарный запас и знать правила грамматики, но и обладать широким кругозором, чтобы приводить различные точки зрения на определённую проблему, а также аргументировать их.
Ценность этой книги заключается в том, что в ней представлены эссе на темы из разных сфер жизнедеятельности, в которых чётко и правильно подобраны аргументы/контраргументы к ним.
В связи с тем, что во время учебного года я писала эти эссе «для себя», чтобы потренироваться и «набить руку», а не для того чтобы напечатать книгу, все они были внимательно и тщательно проверены и исправлены моим преподавателем Кутьиной Ольгой Геннадьевной, которой я очень благодарна.
При внимательном и осознанном чтении Вы узнаете простые, легко запоминающиеся клише, выучите новую лексику и новые грамматические связки. Более того, этот сборник поможет Вам расширить Ваш кругозор и взглянуть на некоторые социальные, экономические, политические и духовные проблемы под совершенно другим углом. Ваше сознание станет более гибким, что поможет Вам лучше и понятнее формулировать и излагать свои мысли, идеи при написании подобных работ.
Также, хотелось бы добавить, что ЕГЭ — действительно всего лишь одно из жизненных испытаний, которое реально преодолеть. Главное — чётко определить для себя цели и постоянно напоминать себе о них, когда хочется опустить руки. Поверьте, игра стоит свеч.
Boys and girls should study separately at different schools
Undoubtedly, education plays a crucial role in the existence of the society. Currently the majority of schools are co-educational.
I totally disagree with the statement above. I strongly believe that studying together is extremely necessary for individuals. Firstly, the world is not separated for males and females. In the childhood people tend to be less vulnerable to failures in relations. In consequence at school they learn how to socialise with another sex, which assists them in avoiding social mistakes in the future. Secondly, while studying together pupils may find out some psychological features of another gender. Finally, contradictions between boys and girls motivate both to study harder in order to be better than another sex.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some conservatives claim that productivity and efficiency of getting education will increase, if pupils are taught separately. Psychologists have already proved that boys have natural abilities to technical subjects, while girls are likely to be skilled at mastering humanities. Subsequently, co-educational schools do not have individual approach to students depending on their gender. Moreover, passion and affection seem to distract pupils from studying.
However, I still insist on my opinion. It surely goes without saying that love improves personalities on the ground that they are eager for being better to please a partner. So, they study harder.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should pupils be diminished an opportunity to study together. If schools were not co-educational, the majority of people would not be able to communicate with another gender.
A man that does not know the history of his/her country is like a leaf that is not aware of being a part of a tree
It is common knowledge that a person is a citizen of that country where s/he was born. Under some circumstances one can change a citizenship or have a double one. Undoubtedly, a person considers himself/herself to be a citizen of that country where his/her heart is.
I totally agree with the statement above that a person ought not to be ignorant of the history of his/her motherland. Firstly, if a resident has no knowledge of the history of his/her native country, s/he will not take part in historic festivals, where people become mentally united. Secondly, being unaware of the events of the past, a citizen cannot keep up a conservation with compatriots. Finally, griefs, sorrows and failures have always been consolidating nations. If a person has no idea about mistakes of his/her ancestors, s/he does not have any patriotic feelings.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that it is senseless to learn the history of the motherland. Present is much more significant that the past. Moreover, interactions with other citizens may bring a person a feeling of felicity and patriotism.
However, I still insist on my opinion. It is usually said that history repeats itself. In consequence a citizen ought to be good at national history in order to prevent his/her motherland from the same disastrous mistakes in the future.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should a person ignore the life of his/her ancestors. If the humanity did not rely on the history, the world would turn into chaos.
Having a computer at home will allow children to have better education
Undoubtedly, education plays a vital role in the fortune of a personality, that is why teenagers are made to study hard. It will not be an exaggeration to claim that the majority of parents do their best to provide their offsprings with everything they need for getting education, for instance, personal computer.
I totally agree with the statement above that installing a computer improves productivity of studying. Firstly, computers are considered to have connection to the Internet. In subsequence, it is thought to give a user an access to dozens of virtual libraries, where new knowledge may be obtained. Secondly, a system of online tutoring has already been developed. So, students from remote and rural areas may have lessons with renowned and qualificated teachers. Finally, films and books in the original may be downloaded from the Net, with the help of which foreign language skills can be mastered.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some conservators claim that a computer will lessen a wish to learn as there are a lot of things to be distracted by. For instance, some pupils become addicted to playing computer games and stop doing homework. Moreover, students seem to be devoured with interacting and communicating with peers via social networks.
However, I still insist on my opinion. Time spent on playing computer games can be limited by parents with the help of computer settings. So, a pupil has more time on studying.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should parents ignore installing a computer. If everything is controlled by adults, the process of getting education becomes more efficient.
Billions of dollars are spent on space exploration projects annually. Some people believe that this money should be used to solve problems on Earth
It will not be an exaggeration to claim that in the epoch of technologies a lot of money is allocated to exploring the space, while the humanity is still facing an innumerable host of social and economic problems.
I totally agree with the statement above that before travelling to other planets all problems on your own one should be solved. Firstly, millions of residents tend to live below the poverty line. Some money ought to be spent to decrease the number of people in need. Secondly, currently there are a lot of endangered animals. Some funds should be sponsored to create necessary conditions to increase the population of such animals. Finally, there is still a lot of undiscovered on the Earth, for instance, medicine for AIDS, HIV, cancer and other illnesses.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that space explorations should be sponsored as much as possible. Actually, the humanity is facing some environmental problems which may result in need of moving to other planets. Before living in Mars or Saturn people have to explore it attentively. Moreover, curiosity of renowned scientists should also be satisfied.
However, I still insist on my opinion. Unconsciously, if authorities spent enough money for coping with pollution, there would not be a necessity to move to other planets.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should governments ignore needs of people on Earth. Money on space ought to be spent wisely.
The best things in life are free
Undoubtedly, a person is believed to live for something. His/her fortune is considered to be based on some pleasures, interests, achievements and relations.
I totally agree with the statement above that happiness may be obtained without paying anything. Firstly, health cannot be bought with money. To be sound a person should not worry about stuff and should live in harmony with nature. Secondly, an individual feels satisfied, when s/he gains some new information and broadens his/her horizons. In fact, new data may be obtained freely. Finally, life experience, which nurtures wisdom, is gained while coping with difficulties that are not paid for.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some career makers claim that satisfaction and pleasure can only be purchased with money. What brings them felicity is power and mightiness. To become influential, they have to earn great sums of money. Besides, luxurious things, such as cars, apartments, jewellery, are also thought to be the main goals to achieve.
However, I still insist on my opinion. In fact, luxuries do not make their owner feel that someone needs him/her. To become happy, a person should have family and friends who do not envy of his/her success and will support him/her if she gets in trouble.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should a person be focused on earning money. The most wonderful moments cannot be purchased.
Teenagers should be allowed to read whatever books they like
Undoubtedly, reading is not rising in popularity currently. Despite this fact, some adolescents are still keen on skimming some literature, which is thought to be rather inappropriate to them.
I totally disagree with the statement above. I believe that the youngster ought to be forbidden to read some types of literature because such stories tend to influence adolescents, minds harmfully. Firstly, mentality has been proved to depend on what people are engaged in. Subsequently, teenagers may become mentally-unstable because of violent scenes described in, for example, war stories. Secondly, in some populistic books unhealthy way of life is propagandized. So, teenagers start smoking, drinking alcohol, consuming drugs in order to look cool as it is narrated in such literature. Finally, according to humane ideas teenagers should not be allowed to read about erotic issues.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some liberals claim that teens are to be allowed to read everything they are interested in. In fact, devouring books may be a great emotional and psychological boost to their inquiring minds. Moreover, after reading some stories they may become motivated and inspired, which will improve their productivity and efficiency.
However, I still insist on my opinion. It will not be an exaggeration to claim that teenagers are not experienced enough to limit the impact of inappropriate content. Undoubtedly, adolescents may be boosted by a splendid book, but it might popularize racism, discrimination, sexism. Subsequently, a child may become perilous to interact with.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should parents ignore what their offsprings read, because inappropriate literature may pose threats.
Life in the countryside is not for young people
Actually, people may live in two places currently: in megacities or in villages. Now there is a tendency when the youngster leaves their small native land for cosmopolitan cities.
I totally agree with the statement above that living in rural areas is not suitable for adolescents. Firstly, at this age people ought to get a higher education, which is impossible in some remote areas, because there are no universities at all. Secondly, adolescence is supposed to be the time for entertainment. In consequence, young people usually get bored in villages. Finally, in small towns people’s lives are always discussed there. It may be extremely irritating for adolescents, because they are not experienced enough in not paying much attention to rumours and gossips about themselves.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that a village is a perfect place for adolescents to reside. In rural areas there is less air pollution. The majority of production may be grown by themselves, which means that there are no antibiotics and pesticides in them. All mentioned above makes young people healthier. Moreover, grandparents need their grandchildren’s help. So, it is a teenager’s duty to assist the elderly.
However, I insist on my opinion. It will not be an exaggeration to claim that the present generation is not strong enough to do activities which were done by our ancestors. The majority of young people will only moan about helping their grandparents.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should the youngster avoid living in megacities, because they are supposed to be more convenient for adolescents to reside in.
The Internet is the biggest evil of our time
Undoubtedly, an innumerable host of inventions have been made recently, which have changed the existence of the humanity profoundly. One of them is the Internet. The majority of people have become accustomed to always using it.
I totally agree with the statement above. I personally believe that the World Wide Web ought to be regarded as the most awful invention, because it tends to do harm to its users. Firstly, surfing the Net is related to looking at the screen, which causes eye strain and vision loss. Secondly, while using technical targets people have become keen on playing computer games, which may result in obesity, because gamers stop moving. Finally, the content published in the Internet is not controlled properly, so it might be dangerous to people’s mental health. All points mentioned above prove how hazardous surfing the Net can be.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some individuals claim the Internet is a blessing for the humanity. Actually, people from rural areas now have access to lectures, books, educational films, which improve their education. Moreover, the current situation in the world, for instance, politics, economics and other latest news may be obtained immediately.
However, I still insist on my opinion. In fact, the main source of income for the majority of websites, both educational and informational ones, is advertisement. To say nothing of distraction, they also make impulsive people purchase unnecessary stuff immediately. The Net raises the society of consumption.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should individuals use the World Wide Web unconsciously, because it has a terrible impact on them.
Good books are only those books that everyone likes and understands
Undoubtedly, reading seems to play a vital role in the existence of the humanity, because It tends to broaden people’s minds and raise the best traits of character. But, in fact, not all literature is so beneficial to book worms.
I totally disagree with the statement above. I believe that the usefulness of a book cannot be estimated by its popularity. Firstly, in different historic epochs various genres were fashionable. So, readers were ashamed to admit that they did not appreciate the book in order not to seem out-dated. Secondly, a book may have a successful promotion, but not a useful content. Finally, the quality of books is revealed by the point if it stands the test of time.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that if a book id devoured by the majority, it is worth reading. Actually, a host of individuals may not be wrong. Moreover, if a book is senseless, nobody will read it and it will not become popular.
However, I still insist on my opinion. It will not be an exaggerating to assume that now there is a spiritual decline in people’s mentality. So, currently customers’ will is to devour stories as primitive as possible. Undoubtedly, simplicity has never been a proof of quality.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should people regard a book by its popularity. Personal experience is much more valuable than reviews of fashionable journalists.
The potential of music includes healing people
Undoubtedly, music is a kind of art. It is thought to be a universal language, because it may be understood by people of all nations and ages. Besides, music seems to influence people in various aspects.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that music makes listeners healthier and sounder. Firstly, it has already been proved that classical music enables people to release tension and get rid of stress. Secondly, physicians are sure that listening to quiet and soothing songs assists individuals in reducing headaches. Finally, special rhythm of music before going to bed improves the quality of sleep. Subsequently, in the morning a person feels more refreshed and relaxed.
However, there is another point of view on this issue. Some individuals claim that music is not capable of healing them. Actually, rock music tends to sound extremely aggressive and it provokes a feeling of fear and exposure. Moreover, listening to music via headphones makes listeners deaf.
Nevertheless, I still insist on my opinion. Actually, people should listen to music they enjoy. In this case the hormone of happiness is produced and listeners start feeling positive emotions, which improve their mental condition.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should individuals avoid listening to music, because it is extremely beneficial and useful for their health. If the humanity did not listen to music, people would be exhausted and furious.
Risk-takers are more successful in life
Undoubtedly, everybody wants to become successful, because in the majority of cases success is thought to be a synonym to happiness. But, in fact, becoming successful is extremely complicated.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that a person’s success depends on how risky s/he is. Firstly, risk-takers tend to notice all chances, which may help them to succeed. Secondly, such people tend to be not afraid of losing everything, because they are groovy. So, every opportunity is used. Finally, they make decisions faster than more rational people, subsequently, their activity is more productive and efficient.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that it is impossible for risk-takers to succeed in life. They seem to act and later think. Moreover, their irrational behaviour usually ends in losing everything.
However, I still insist on my opinion. All risk-takers always weigh up pros and cons of their action, which prevents them from making mistakes.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should people avoid being risky, because only in this case it is probable to succeed. If there were not any risk-takers, there would not be any millionaires.
In future robots will replace pets as people’s companions
Undoubtedly, a host of inventions have been made recently, which have changed the existence of the humanity profoundly. Specialists tend to anticipate that in near future machines will totally penetrate our life.
I totally disagree with the statement above. I do believe that pets will never be replaced by atomised machines. Firstly, animals are a part of our ecosystem. If they vanish, nature will destabilise, which will influence our environment badly. Secondly, robots do not look so cute as pets do, subsequently, children will be afraid of machines. Finally, animals seem to feel people’s emotions and act in such a way to encourage a host or, on the contrary, to sympathize. Evidently, robots are not capable of it.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some people claim that in the epoch of technologies they would rather have a robot than a real pet. Actually, hosts will not have to pay for special food, vaccines, clothes and stuff like that. Moreover, if a person becomes exhausted with robot s/he will just turn them off, which cannot be done with real animals.
However, I still insist on my opinion. Actually, a pet is supposed to be a friend of a human being, so it is not an object to save on.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances will people own robots instead of pets, because it is impossible to betray a friend. If people were not keen on keeping animals, now they all would use Tamagotchi.
Collecting is one of the most boring hobbies
Undoubtedly, hobbies play a vital role in the existence of the humanity, because they exist individuals in getting rid of stress and escaping from dull reality. One of the most widespread hobbies has always been collecting something.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that there is no duller passion than collecting things. Firstly, this hobby does not involve communicating with like-minded people, so there is no chance to share ideas, musings on this issue. Secondly, collectors seem to search manically for things, so their lives turn into routine, because they are only focused on collections. Finally, looking for things is extremely time-consuming.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some collectors claim that their hobby is the most exciting, alluring and compelling. Actually, people are satisfied with everything that has already been collected. So, such stuff makes them feel positive emotions. Moreover, in some cases collecting involves travelling from all over the world in order to exchange. Unconsciously, visiting new places is refreshing.
However, I still insist on my opinion. Actually, while travelling collectors tend to be concentrated on their things, but not on sights and places which are worth visiting. They just avoid the beauty of countries where they go to.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should people be passionate about collecting, because it prevents them from admiring the world around them. If all people released tension in collecting, the humanity would become narrow-minded.
Ecotourism is useful for the environmental protection
Actually, the 21st century is renowned not only for a host of technologies, but also for a variety of ecological problems, which surely have been spawned by the activity of the humanity. In order to prevent their development some measures ought to be taken.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that ecotourism assists the humanity in getting rid of ecological issues. Firstly, if a person is an ecotourist, s/he has to travel by bike or on foot. In this case no harmful gases are released into the atmosphere. Secondly, eco travellers do not destroy natural habitats. Finally, while eco travelling people do not throw away litter, subsequently, no soil erosion is provoked.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some sceptics claim that eco-tourism does not have an impact on improving the ecology and in some cases even makes it worse. In fact, some rural areas are extremely vulnerable to any people’s actions. In order to save them tourists cannot go around there. Besides, eco-tourism is only gaining popularity currently. So, the majority of individuals travel in such a way to seem fashionable.
However, I still insist on my opinion. In fact, nature needs people’s help. Tourists may collect rubbish, plant more trees, which will assist the nature in recovering, despite its vulnerability.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should individuals avoid eco travelling, because our environment suffers from ecological problems. If the society were indifferent to it, the Earth would be impossible to live on.
Background music should be used while students are writing their tests at school
Undoubtedly, music is supposed to be a universal language, because it tends to be understood by people of all nations and ages. That is why, it seems to have penetrated all spheres of our life, for instance, advertisement, education, business and so on.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that at exams students ought to listen to some music. Firstly, it assists people in realising tension and getting rid of stress. Secondly, classical music has been proved to improve efficiency while working or studying. Finally, soothing sounds are likely to make people more concentrated and focused on tasks.
Nevertheless, there is another point of view on this issue. Some strict teachers claim that no music can be used during lessons. Actually, it will distract adolescents from tasks. Moreover, there will always be arguments what music should be on.
However, I still insist on my opinion. In fact, because of background music any side noises will not be heard. So, it helps students not to be distracted by whisper, street noises and those students who go out of the classroom.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should people avoid turning on background music while passing a test, because it is really beneficial. If music were used, test results would be much better.
Videogames should be used in class
Undoubtedly, a host of recent inventions have changed the life of the humanity profoundly. As for education, laptops, computers, the World Wide Web seem to be used in every school of developed countries.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that the usefulness of moderate use of videogames is difficult to exaggerate, so students ought to be allowed to play them at school. Firstly, computer games may give a pupil a basic financial education as the game suggests wise expenses with the aim to bring a player’s empire to economic welfare and prosperity. Secondly, there are some educational videogames, where students have to practise maths, foreign languages in order to succeed in it. In consequence, a pupil improves his/her knowledge in a game form. Finally, some shooters assist in relieving stress, so pupils will be less aggressive in relations with each other.
However, there is another opinion in this issue. Some anxious parents assure that there is no more evil and destructive invention in the world, but a computer game. Actually, pupils may become addicted to them, which will cause mental disorders because of violent elements in shooters. Moreover, videogames are supposed to distract adolescents from studying.
Nevertheless, I still insist on my point of view. In fact, if a person is always concentrated on studying, the process becomes less efficient, because a pupil feels fatigue. Videogaming is a great opportunity for him/her to distract from studies, which will boost his/her productivity later.
In conclusion, I would like to stress once more that under no circumstances should tutors prevent students from playing computer games, because it is extremely beneficial.
Humour is the best way to solve conflicts
It will not be an exaggeration to claim that arguments should not be avoided in interaction with people, because their constructive solutions may be extremely beneficial to opponents. Besides, conflicts have to be solved as efficiently as possible.
I totally agree with the statement above. I do believe that there is no more useful and perfect method of conciliating rivals, but jokes. Firstly, humour generates pleasant emotions and prolongs the expectancy of life. Secondly, a joke is a laconic way of expressing musing, so, it takes less time to solve an argument. Finally, friends are supposed to laugh at each other, consequently, humour helps people to stay comrades, but not rivals.