Comparative typology of English and Spanish

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Adapted story for translation and retelling. Book 1

Объем: 37 бумажных стр.

Формат: epub, fb2, pdfRead, mobi



Copying the methodology in order to use this book for writing a manuscript of a study guide, namely: filing foreign / Russian words in brackets or over their corresponding Russian / foreign equivalents, marking up sentences with special notation as shown in this study guide; reprinting, reproduction by electronic means or by any other means of the entire book or any part of it is allowed only with the written permission of the author.


The book consists of an exercise to translate a story, adapted according to the methodology © Linguistic Reanimator, from English into Spanish; and of 2 exercises for retelling of non-adapted English and Spanish versions of the same story. Exercise 1 has the key. The story contains 942 English / Spanish words and phrases. By complexity, the book corresponds to levels B1 — B2. It’s recommended for people studying English and Spanish, as well as for native English speakers learning Spanish.

The number of words you need to know for the following purposes of using a foreign language

For “survival” in the environment without a translator — 120

For daily communication on general topics — 2000

For reading simple texts of general subjects — 4,000 — 5,000

Reading difficult texts — 10,000

Native Speaker Level — 10,000 — 20,000

From the author

This book can be used as a tutorial. If you need additional consultations or classes, you can contact me. Consultations / classes in person or via Skype are possible.

My contact details

Tel 8 925 184 37 07

Skype: oliva-morales

E-mail: oliva-morales@mail.ru





Tatiana Oliva Morales

About the © Linguistic Reanimator series

All the English and Spanish language © Linguistic Reanimator Series books can significantly reduce the training period of a foreign language course and improve the quality of learning of new words and normative grammar by a student.

Their advantage is foreign words and (sometimes) transcription in brackets next to the word in a sentence. Using this technique, a student never studied English / Spanish before, having no vocabulary, can begin translating from Russian into English / Spanish, from Spanish into English or from English into Spanish.

The technique allows you to learn new English / Spanish words and phrases easily, and quickly; improving the skills of correct translation into a foreign language.

All the © Linguistic Reanimator Series books have been written for “my difficult students”, for those who needed to obtain a large amount of high-quality knowledge in a short period of time. The latter is the aim of all the textbooks of this series.

About the © Comparative typology of Spanish and English series

The © Comparative typology of Spanish and English series books are recommended for English and Spanish teachers or lecturers; for pupils, students, as well as for a wide range of people, learning Spanish and English languages at school, university or independently, as well as for native English speakers learning Spanish.


… — there should be a definite or indefinite article in this place.

! — you should consider what preposition should be in front of the next group of words.

* — irregular verb.

we (nosotros) — English word / its Spanish equivalent.

you (Usted) 2.read (leer) 1.it (lo) — the numbers in front of the words mean their order in the sentence.

your (-) — this word does not need to be translated into Spanish.

white houses (casa.. blanco..) — you should change gender and / or number of the words.

Exercise 1

Translate the story into Spanish.

It was getting dark

It was getting dark (anochecer). Yegorych was in high spirits (estar de buen humor) — that day (ese día) at exactly 19:00 (exactamente a las 19:00) he was going to watch (ir a ver) the next (… próximo) football match (partido de fútbol) on (in) the brand-new TV set (… nuevo televisor), which (que) he had just bought (acabar de comprar) at (en) a local rural store (… tienda rural local).

To reach (para alcanzar) total pleasure (… placer total) from (de) the upcoming process (próximo proceso), he had previously (previamente) prepared (preparar) cold beer (cerveza fría) and (y) dried fish (pescado seco).

And at the appointed hour (a la hora fijada), he turned on (encender) the TV (… televisor), positively appreciating (apreciar positivamente) stereo sound effects (efectos de sonido estéreo) and the brightness of the displayed picture (calidad de la imagen mostrada),

sipped (sorber) some cold foaming drink (un poco de bebida espumosa fría) out of (de) his (su) favorite mug (jarra favorita) and delved into the visualization (profundizar en la visualización).

But (pero) at the most intense moment (… momento más intenso) of (de) the game (… partido), something suddenly went wrong (de repente algo salir mal) on (en) TV (… televisión), and in a moment (en un momento) the screen (… pantalla) turned (volverse) completely black (completamente negro..).

— Oh, you’re winged crap (¡Oh!, una porquería alada), you’ve sat down (volver a sentarse) on (en) the antenna again (-), Styopka, holy shit (, ¡qué coño!)! — Yegorych cursed annoyingly (Yegorych maldecir irritado), and went (salir) into (a) the yard (… patio).

He cast an angry glance (lanzar una mirada furiosa) at (a) the roof (… tejado) of (de) his (su) house (casa) and saw (ver) there (allí) what (lo que) he had expected (esperar) to see — the winged crap Styopka (a la porquería alada, a Styopka), who (que) first (primero) sat (sentarse) quietly (en silencio) on () the television antenna (… antena de televisión),

but (pero) on seeing (ver) its (-)! owner (dueño de esa), he began (comenzar a) to dance (bailar) on (sobre) it (ella), and, in addition (además), to draw a long and belligerent croak (emitir graznidos largos y beligerantes).

— Well, get out of here, Styopka (Bueno, ¡sal de aquí, Styopka), fly (volar)! home (tu casa), and sit down (sentarse) on (en) your own (tu propio..) antenna! — shouted Yegorych menacingly (gritar amenazadoramente Yegorych),

taking off (quitarse) his tarpaulin boot (su bota de lona), by which (con la cual) he intended (tener la intención de) to shoot (derribar)! the impudent bird (… insolente pájaro) down (-).


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