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ОГЭ. Английский язык

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Объем:
70 стр.
Возрастное ограничение:
12+
ISBN:
978-5-4493-4591-2
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от 180
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СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ ПО ПОДГОТОВКЕ К УСТНОЙ ЧАСТИ ОГЭ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ _______________________________
SPEAKING SKILLS DEVELOPMENT STATE EXAM IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AT THE SECONDARY SCHOOL

***

VARIANT 1

TASK 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea. His initial voyage to India in 1497–1499 was the first to link Europe and Asia by an ocean route, connecting the Atlantic and the Indian oceans and, in this way, the West and the Orient. Traveling the ocean route allowed the Portuguese to avoid sailing across the highly disputed Mediterranean and traversing the dangerous Arabian Peninsula. Unopposed access to the Indian spice routes boosted the economy of the Portuguese Empire, which was previously based along northern and coastal West Africa. The spices obtained from Southeast Asia were primarily pepper and cinnamon at first, but soon included other products, all new to Europe. Portugal maintained a commercial monopoly of these commodities for several decades. It would be a century later before other European powers such as the Netherlands and England, followed by France and Denmark, were able to challenge Portugal’s monopoly and naval supremacy in the Cape Route.

TASK 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of International English Language Association. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out what students think about our programme. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How old are you and what school do you attend?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: How often do you have English lessons a week and how do you find them?

Student:_________________________

Electronic assistant: What activities do you find the most efficient?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What subjects of interest do you discuss during the classes?

Student: _________________________

Electronic assistant: Why do you think it is important to speak English?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What would you advise a person who wants to improve his/her English?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

TASK 3

You are going to give a talk about your winter holidays. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes — 10—12 sentences.

Remember to say:

• where you usually spend your winter holidays;

• who you spend your holidays with;

• what activities you usually have.

You have to talk continuously.

VARIANT 2

TASK 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States fought from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America. The Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U.S. history.

Among the 34 U.S. states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America. War broke out in April 1861 when Confederates attacked the U.S. fortress Fort Sumter. The Confederacy grew to include eleven states; it claimed two more states and the western territory of Arizona. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal including border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North. The war ended with the surrender of all the Confederate armies and the collapse of the Confederate government in the spring of 1865.

TASK 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of Municipal Leisure Service Organization. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out what students think about our pastime programme. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What’s your hobby? And why are you interested in it?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: How much time a week do you spend on your hobby?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Do your parents support you in your hobby?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What hobbies are the most popular with teenagers nowadays?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Why do you think people take up hobbies?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What would you advise a person who wants to start a hobby?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

TASK 3

You are going to give a talk about weather and seasons. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10—12 sentences).

Remember to say:

• what season do you like most of all, and why;

• how the climate affects our behavior and activities;

• whether the weather forecast is reliable, and why.

You have to talk continuously.

VARIANT 3

TASK 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Great Britain is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km, Great Britain is the largest European island and the ninth-largest in the world. In 2011 the island had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world’s third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of it, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, comprise the British Isles archipelago.

Politically, the island is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and constitutes most of its territory. Most of England, Scotland, and Wales are on the island. The term «Great Britain» often extends to include surrounding islands that form part of England, Scotland, and Wales, and is also sometimes loosely applied to the UK as a whole.

TASK 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of Timetable School Service. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about their school. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How many lessons do you usually have?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What subjects do you find the most difficult?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What is your favourite week day? Why do you like it?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What sport facilities are there in your school?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Do you think school uniform is necessary or not? Why do you think so?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend your friends do to improve their English?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

TASK 3

You are going to give a talk about music in your life. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10—12 sentences).

Remember to say:

• how often you usually listen to music;

• where you can get it;

• what kind of music you prefer and why.

You have to talk continuously.

VARIANT 4

TASK 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The first English grammar, Pamphlet for Grammar by William Bullokar, written with the seeming goal of demonstrating that English was quite as rule-bound as Latin, was published in 1586. Bullokar’s grammar was faithfully modeled on William Lily’s Latin grammar, Rudimenta Grammatices in 1534. Lily’s grammar was being used in schools in England at that time, having been «prescribed» for them in 1542 by Henry VIII. Although Bullokar wrote his grammar in English and used a «reformed spelling system» of his own invention, many English grammars, for much of the century after Bullokar’s effort, were to be written in Latin; this was especially so for books whose authors were aiming to be scholarly. Christopher Cooper’s Grammatica (1685) was the last English grammar written in Latin.

TASK 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the City Library. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about books and libraries. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What kind of books and magazines do you prefer to read?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Who is your favourite writer and why?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: How often do you go to the library and borrow books?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Why do you think people are reading fewer paper books now?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Can reading English books help students improve their English?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What kind of books and magazines would you recommend your friends read at leisure at the weekend and why?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your help.

TASK 3

You are going to give a talk about national holidays in Russia. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10—12 sentences).

Remember to say:

· what the most important public holidays usually celebrated in Russia are;

· what your favourite public holiday is, and why you like it;

· how New Year holiday is celebratedin your city, town or village.

You have to talk continuously.

VARIANT 5

TASK 1

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, believed to exist in the far south of the globe. The term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle, was coined by Marinus of Tyre in the 2nd century AD.

The rounding of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn in the 15th and 16th centuries proved that Terra Australis Incognita or «Unknown Southern Land», if it existed, was acontinent in its own right. In 1773 James Cook and his crew crossed the Antarctic Circle for the first time but although they discovered nearby islands, they did not catch sight of Antarctica itself. It is believed he was as close as 241.4 km from the mainland.

TASK 2

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the Magazine «School Life’. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about their school activities. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What form are you in at school?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What subjects are the most difficult and why?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Do you have PE lessons? And are they interesting?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: Do you have to wear school uniform at school and how does it look like?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What regular school events do you take part in?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: What kind of improvements would you recommend for your school?

Student: ________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your help.

TASK 3

You are going to give a talk about your shopping habits. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10—12 sentences).

Remember to say:

• where you like to do the shopping and why;

• what things you buy most often;

• who you prefer to go shopping with and why.

You have to talk continuously.

VARIANT 6

TASK 1

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