для читателей старше 18 лет
A. Raise Opening Chart
You need to raise first to enter the game. An exception to this rule is playing in the small blind. With EP-CO, you can open simply by chart. Chart Explanations: EP — the first two positions at a long table (9 seats), MP — 3 and 4 positions (in some charts MP1 and MP2 will be separately indicated), HJ — 5th position, further it is clear. The plus sign on the chart is omitted, but this hand is in mind and better. S — suited cards, o — unsuited, without a letter — any. If you play short tables (6 places), then this is the same game as on 9-max tables, only without the first three positions. That is, EP on the short table corresponds to MP2 on the long, and MP on the short corresponds to HJ on the long, then the same:
EP: 77, ATs, AQo, KJs, QJs, JTs, T9s
MP: 55, A7s, AJo, KTs, KQo, QTs, J9s, T8s, 98s
HJ: 22, A2s, ATo, KTs, KJo, QTs, J9s, T8s, 97s, 87s
CO: 22, A2s, A7o, K2s, KTo, Q8s, QTo, J8s, JTo, T8s, 97s, 86s, 76s
Betsizing: from all these positions it will be enough to open 2.5bb. It is also acceptable to open sizing in 3bb. However, reducing the opening from 3 to 2.5bb, you will save a lot of money.
B. Blind Attack
From the button you can always open about 46% of the strongest hands. This is roughly the following range: 22, A2, K2s, K9o, Q2s, Q9o, J2s, J9o, T6s, T8o, 96s, 98o, 85s, 87o 74s, 64s, 53s, 43s. Against the very tight blinds (with folds on the style of 70% and higher, and resteal no more than 12%), with BU, you can open 100% of the hands.
From the small blind, you can always steal around 36% of the strongest hands. This is roughly the following range: 22, A2s, A7o, K2s, K9o, Q2s, Q9o, J7s, J9o, T7s, T9o, 97s, 86s, 75s, 64s, 54s. That is, from the small blind we will open fewer hands than from the button, since being out of position, we will not be able to correctly protect too wide a range of opening against aggressive re-stealing. In addition to the steal with a 36% range, from about 30—35% of the hands, we must call in the small blind. That is, in the small blind versus the big blind, by default we will play about 70% of the hands. This range includes all pockets, all aces, kings, queens, J2s, J7o, T2s, T7o, 92s, 97o, 84s, 86o, 74s, 75o, 63s, 64o, 53s, 54o, 43s. I must say right away that you do not need to defend your calling range in the small blind. That is, if you called and the big blind raised the bet, you just need to fold. Against the very tight big blind (with fold on style 65% and more, and re-stole no more than 12%), with SB you need to open 100% of your hands.
Betsizing: 2.5bb needs to be opened from the button and the small blind
2. Isolation of limpers
If there are limpers in the pot, then you should play mainly either fold or raise. I advise you to isolate one limper with approximately 25% range of hands: 55, A2s, A9o, K8s, KTo, Q8s, QTo, J8s, JTo, T8s, 97s, 86s, 76s. Only in the big blind against the small blind who called, you need to raise from 50% of the strongest hands (this is approximately the opening range from the button). Two limpers need to be isolated more tightly, with approximately 18% range of hands: 88, A8s, ATo, KTs, KJo, QTs, J9s, T8s, 98s, 87s.
Betsizing: in most cases, a 4bb bet is suitable for isolation. Against two limpers can be increased to 5bb.
3. Overlimp, call in the small blind
If there are already limpers in the pot, then with some weak speculative hands that are not strong enough for an isolation raise, you can enter an overlimp or call them in the small blind. You can call on SB against 1—2 limpers and BB with 70% of hands (you already know this range). Outside blinds for an overcall against 1 limper, such hands are suitable: 22, 97s, 86s, 75s, 64s, 54s; against 2—3 limpers: 22, A2s, K9s, Q9s, J8s, T8s, 97s, 86s, 75s, 64s, 54s.
If you call and get a raise, that’s okay. The main thing here is not to replay your hands. Basically you will need to fold to raise. You can call with a pocket pair to try to catch a set. Against small bets in a position, you can sometimes call with suited ligaments and weak suited aces.
A. 3-beta on value
If someone in front of you played open raise, then with strong hands you need to play 3-bet on value. The value 3-bet range should be linear. The polar range of 3-beta is already poker yesterday. Vs — means “against” such a position:
vs. EP-MP1: TT, ATs, AKо, KQs (4%)
vs. MP2-HJ: 88, ATs, AQo, KJs, QJs, JTs, T9s, 98s (8%)
vs. CO-SB: 77, A2s, AJo, KTs, KQo, QTs, J9s, T8s, 98s, 87s, 76s (14%)
Against fish (yes, fish not only enter the game by limp, but also open raise) you can always 3-bet 14% of the hands, from whatever position the fish opens. Also pay attention to the size of the open raise of the opponent. At micro limits many players with strong hands (QQ +, AK) bet more. Against big bets (open raise at 5—7bb, isolation raise at 7—9bb), we can only 3-bet on value for AA and KK.
Betsizing: the size of a 3-bet on value should be about 3 times the size of open raise. In the position you need to increase 2.5—3 times, out of position 3—3.5 times. This is provided that the opponent opensenraise standardly (2.5—3bb). If the opponent opens 2bb, then the 3-bet should be 4 times larger. If he opens 4bb, then 2.5 times more. Thus, the average size of our 3-beta will be 9—10bb.
B. Bluff 3-bet
3-bet bluffs can be played against players with a high fold for 3-bet (70% or more). Bluff 3-bet must be played in the blinds against players opening from late positions or from the small blind. Bluff 3-bet with hands with blockers for aces and kings, with suited cards and small pockets. Also consider your opponent’s bet size. No need to play a 3-bet bluff against big bets. Betsizing a 3-bet bluff is the same as a 3-bet on value.
A squeeze is a 3-bet against two or more players. You can play a squeeze both in bluff and in value. But basically you will play the squeeze on value. You can play a squeeze with a wider range than play a 3-bet against a single player. The bank has become larger, and now weaker hands can show a plus. In most cases, a value range of 8% is suitable for a value squeeze (88, ATs, AQo, KJs, QJs, JTs, T9s, 98s). Do not be afraid to play squeeze. Squeeze betsizing: 1—3bb more than regular 3-bet.
5. Cold Call
A. Cold Call Base Chart
Mostly you need to call openraising in the big blind against opening from late positions or the small blind. If the hand indicated on the chart is suitable for 3-bet, then you need to play 3-bet. Hands that can be called in non-big blind are indicated in brackets:
vs. EP-MP1: 22 (77), ATs (AJs), AQo (AKo), KJs (KQs), QJs, JTs, T9s
vs. HJ-MP2: 22 (77), A2s (ATs), AJo (AQo), KTs (KJs), KQo, QTs (QJs), J9s (JTs), T9s (T9s), 98s (98s), 87s
vs. CO: 22 (77), A2s (A7s), ATo (AJo), K9s (KTs), KJo (KQo), Q9s (QTs), QJo, J9s (J9s), T9s (T9s), 98s (98s), 87s (87s)
vs. BU: 22 (77), A2 (ATo), K2s (K9s), K9o (KJo), Q2s (Q9s), Q9o (QJo), J7s (J9s), J9o, T7s (T8s), T9o, 97s (98s), 98o, 86s (87s), 75s (76s), 64s, 54s
vs. SB: 22, A2, K2, Q2s, Q8o, J2s, J8o, T6s, T8o, 96s, 97o, 85s, 86o, 74s, 76o, 64s, 54s, 43s
B. Notes on the drawing of small pocket pairs
With small pocket pairs (22—66) not in the big blind, you can call if: a multipot has formed; an openraiser is a fish; or the fish is sitting behind you.
C. Notes on the drawing of unpaired cards
The above cold call chart is built against a player betting at 2.5—3bb and opening with a standard range. If your opponent’s opening spectra are more tight or if he makes a bet of 3.5—4bb, then the chart needs to be moved down about one position. If your opponent opens too loose or if he bets at 2bb, then the chart can be moved up one position. At the same time, in the big blind, you can add a few weaker suited hands. If a multipot formed in front of you, then hands like ATо, KJo and the like, it is better to simply fold.
A. 4-bet on value
If you opened and played a 3-bet against you, then with the strongest hands you need to play a 4-bet on value. In the 4-beta range on value, in most cases only two hands are included: AA and KK. In the CO-SB positions against aggressive blinds and the button with a re-stealing of 10% or higher, AK and QQ can be added for 4-bet on value. If your opponent plays a 5-bet push, you should be prepared to call with these hands. If your opponent re-stole 12% or more, then add JJ for 4-value on value and play with them in exactly the same way.
Before you play 4-bet, always pay attention to the size of 3-bet. Very large 3-bets (13bb or more) are often made only with AA and КК. Against such 3-bets you need to fold all hands except AA. Also always look at the percentage of 3-beta opponent (you need to look at the positions). There are many players at micro stakes with a very tight 3-bet of 1%. This means that they only 3-bet aces and kings. Against such opponents will also have to throw all hands except AA.
These are the basic rules for playing 4-beta on value. For microlimits, this is enough.
Betsizing: the size of the 4-beta should be about 2 times the size of the 3-beta — a little larger. That is, the average size of 4-beta will be equal to 20—22bb.
B. Bluff 4-bet
Bluff 4-bet must be played against opponents with a wide 3-bet from this position (8% or more) and a high fold for 4-bet (65% or more). That is, we will play 4-bet bluff mainly from late positions against aggressive blinds. 4-bet bluffs need to be played with hands that have blockers for aces and kings, as well as hands that can be strengthened post-flop: with small pocket pairs and suited ligaments. What if you have a hand suitable for calling a 3-bet: call or bluff a 4-bet? Everything is very simple: take the bottom of the 3-bet calling range to 4-bet, and call with the rest of your hands. Betsizing: the 4-bet bluff should be the same as the 4-bet on value.